Blood pressure related conditions are becoming more prevalent with every passing day. Hypertension is no longer a disease for the old; much younger people are increasingly getting affected. High blood pressure can simply be defined as the long-term force of blood against the artery walls that is abnormally high and can eventually cause health issues.
It is important to note that a case of high blood pressure is only declared after a series of tests over a period of time. If you undergo a single test and your blood pressure is above average, you’re not necessarily hypertensive. It could just be a temporary occurrence.
The symptoms of high blood pressure include headaches, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath and dizziness. The specific cause of this condition remains largely unknown. What is known is the risk factors that increase the chances of getting affected. They include the following:
- Diet: Certain foods increase the chances of suffering from high blood pressure. A diet high in saturated fats or sodium is a major culprit. This is yet another reason why you should avoid junk food, which contains high levels of fat and salt. Alcohol and cigarettes also destabilize the blood pressure when taken for a prolonged period.
- Advanced age: As you grow older, the elasticity of the blood vessels decreases, affecting the ability to pulsate blood. Those above 60 are most likely to be affected.
- Excess weight: This leads to fat accumulation in the blood vessels causing them to constrict thus the blood needs more force to pass through. This can be rectified by losing the extra fat. Daily exercise is recommended to those who need to lose the excess weight which allows the blood pressure to return to normal.
- Stress: When you’re going through a stressful period, your body releases several hormones. Some of these hormones are responsible for increasing high blood pressure. Many people will experience high blood pressure when going through an emotionally taxing period.
- Heredity: Hypertension can also be a genetic issue. If the condition runs in your family, then you stand a higher chance of suffering a similar fate. You can stay on the safe side by taking a healthy diet, watching your weight and exercising regularly.
High blood pressure is treated by a combination of drugs and lifestyle changes. Medication is recommended when the situation is dire and the blood pressure needs to be reduced immediately before causing harm. Ultimately, making lifestyle adjustments is the sure way.
Change your diet to eliminate saturated fats. These are found mostly in baked products such as cookies and cakes. Dairy products should also be taken with caution. Avoid adding raw salt on ready food, instead adding only a modest amount while cooking. Also note that most processed food have a very high sodium content; try to avoid them all together. Caffeine also causes a temporary spike in blood pressure.
Some of the foods that have proved effective in lowering blood pressure include garlic, tilapia, bananas, kales and foods with high Vitamin E content. Do not let high blood pressure blight your life; make this adjustments today.